Editorials

Blessed James Alberione - Apostle of the Media

A vision turns into a programme, a project takes form and becomes an unstoppable enterprise—thus Blessed James Alberione, the founder of the Pauline family, revolutionised the concept of evangelisation from the beginning of the 20th century. He visualised the most modern instruments of communication that technology could offer as the most efficacious means for effective proclamation of the Gospel. His Holiness, Pope Paul VI, through the Decree Inter Mirifica, had consecrated the ideas of Alberione. The Pope said: "Our Fr Alberione, always intent to scrutinise the signs of the times, that is, the most brilliant forms of reaching souls, has given the Church new instruments to express herself, new means to give vigour and range to her apostolate, new capacity and new awareness of the validity and possibility of her mission in the world and with modern means."

In the Cathedral of Alba, Italy, on the occasion of the closing of the Holy Year, during a vigil of adoration before the Eucharist in the night between December 31, 1900 and January 1, 1901, the young seminarian Alberione felt the impulse of the Spirit to dedicate himself to a special mission. Alberione was deeply disturbed by the Spirit, and it took a few years to clarify the inspiration and decisively launch the 'special mission'.

Blessed James Alberione is the founder of five Religious Congregations, four Institutes of Secular Consecrated life and an Association of Pauline Cooperators of apostolic laity: together called the Pauline Family; the first among them being the Society of St Paul. He is an instrument chosen by God to carry the light of the Gospel to the men and women of our times, in the spirit and style of St Paul, using the most modern and efficacious means of communication. Today, the sons and daughters of Alberione make use of a range of communication tools—from print medium to digital technologies—to spread the Good News and Gospel values across the world and to sanctify their lives with vows of consecration.

In his autobiographical sketches, Fr Alberione wrote, "I intend to belong to the Pauline Family: as a servant here and hereafter in heaven, where I will look after those who use the most modern and efficacious means for doing good: in sanctity, in Christ, in the Church," All those who want to witness Christ, through the media and digital communication of today's culture, will find in Alberione a sure patron and intercessor. St John Paul II said: "Blessed James Alberione felt the need to make Jesus Christ—the Way, the Truth and the Life—known 'to all people of our time with the means of our time. May there be a group of saints to use these means."

Blessed James Alberione, rightly called the 'Apostle for our times', is the media marvel of the 20th century and the exceptional founder of the Pauline Family. Every year, on November 26, his spiritual children all over the world celebrate his feast. This issue of The Examiner that is in your hands is dedicated to Blessed James Alberione. The leading articles herein explore the man, his spirit and the history of Pauline mission in the Church. Alberione is presented as a pioneer of modern evangelisation; in our times, his vision of mission in the Church is developed for computerised superhighways and through the Internet to the digital space, in a universe of communication that constantly changes.

Blessed James Alberione, by his courageous and humble nature, his formidable intuition, his persistent farsightedness and his untiring practical spirit became a masterpiece of mission and an icon of sanctity for people of all times and for all cultures. May his personality, spirit, vision and mission inspire our beloved readers.

Fr Varghese Gnalian SSP is the Provincial Superior for the India-Nigeria-England-Ireland province of the Society of St Paul.

Sowing Seeds of Hope

The 'World Day of the Poor', announced by Pope Francis at the end of the Jubilee Year of Mercy, was first observed on Sunday, November 19, 2017, with the theme, "Let us love, not with words, but with deeds." The Pope celebrated the day with a special Mass at St Peter's Basilica, followed by a free lunch in the adjacent Paul VI Hall, in several Catholic colleges, and at other Vatican venues. In our own archdiocese, His Eminence, Oswald Cardinal Gracias launched the "ACTS" (Actively Called To Serve) project, which involved the distribution of paper bags to parishes, in which people could donate non-perishable food items and toiletries for the poor. This was a starter project for an ongoing initiative, in keeping with the narrative we find in Acts 2:44-46. The World Day of the Poor is observed, every year, on the Sunday before the Solemnity of Christ the King.

Sunday, November 17, 2019 is the third World Day of the Poor, with the theme - "The hope of the poor shall not perish forever."

In his message, the Holy Father explains, "These words of the Psalm (9:19) remain timely. They express a profound truth that faith impresses above all on the hearts of the poor, restoring lost hope in the face of injustice, sufferings and the uncertainties of life… The Psalm was composed at a time of great economic development that, as often happens, also led to serious social imbalances…the situation is not much different today. The economic crisis has not prevented large groups of people from accumulating fortunes that often appear all the more incongruous when, in the streets of our cities, we daily encounter great numbers of the poor who lack the bare necessities of life, and are at times harassed and exploited… The centuries pass, but the condition of rich and poor remains constant, as if history has taught us nothing. The words of the Psalm, then, are not about the past, but about our present, as it stands before God's judgment."

Here is our reason, then, to make this day not just a special 'one', but an ongoing realisation of the Beatitudes, especially in the context of Christus Vivit - the Post-Synodal Apostolic Exhortation of Pope Francis (March 25, 2019).

Many groups in parishes across the Archdiocese of Bombay mark this day in various ways: A get-together for street-children and houseworkers, a meal for the poor families of the parish and for the homeless, medical check-up camps, visits to the Remand Home, visits to Aged Homes, Shanti Niwas and Mission stations, distribution of hampers with food, toiletries, utility articles – the list goes on. The Community Fund in each parish (an outcome of the Bombay Archdiocesan Synod of 2001) caters to the needy, so that no one goes to bed hungry at night, no child is deprived of education because parents cannot afford the fees, and no one lacks timely medical aid.

It is also important to go beyond economic criteria, and identify those others who are in want: those living alone (elderly couples, widows/widowers, singles, etc.), newcomers to the parish, recently married couples, nuclear families with young children, a family with a bed-ridden member, recently bereaved families, migrants from within Maharashtra and other States. Sometimes, all that is needed is a friendly smile, a listening ear, a neighbourly hand.

Objections often emerge, that range from "What is the use of celebrating just a single day?" "We must move towards an 'empowering' instead of 'charity model'" to "Too many things are happening at the same time. Didn't we just celebrate 'Extraordinary Mission Month'?" Yes, we did! But, as said earlier, the single day is just a reminder for an ongoing action. Where empowerment is needed, a loving heart and hand – the true definition of charity – is always the enabling first step.

To all of these objections, then, I would give just one answer: Do the best you can, with what you have, where you are. Be open-minded and open-hearted, as Christ calls us to be.

As disciples of the Lord Jesus, we must sow tangible seeds of hope. May this World Day of the Poor encourage more and more people to cooperate effectively, so that all may feel the embrace of our closeness and solidarity.

+ Bishop Barthol Barretto, Auxiliary Bishop of Bombay

Perfected to Rest in Peace of His Love

Fr Anthony Charanghat

Remembering the dead is an instinct to pray for those we have lost. It is a common practice of people of most faiths to observe memorial services for the dead. The life of the Church, east and west, was a life of prayer to which death was no barrier. We pray for each other, living and dead. Christ died and rose again that he might become the Lord of the living and the dead, as St Paul tells us (Romans 14:9).

For all the iron logic of the Reformation, even Christians of other denominations have no scruples inscribing R.I.P. on their tomb stones. The acronym stands for requiescat in pace - may he or she rest in the peace of God's perfect love, which is undoubtedly a prayer. Purgatory is implied by the practice of prayer for the dead.

Those who are in Purgatory do not lack virtue. They are perfectly sure of their salvation and perfectly beyond sin, even though they are themselves not perfect in love to encounter God's all perfect Love. Purgatory is not a place where bad people become good people, but the process by which good people become perfected in love. How that works is open to speculation, which is why there is a great and legitimate variety of speculation about its nature, among mystics and visionaries, as well as theologians.

To begin with, let us consider the word "purgatory." This comes from the old Latin word "purgare," which means "to cleanse" or "to purge." So you can think of purgatory as the last and final cleansing or purification in preparation to spend eternity in the presence of God. In purgatory, as the Catechism explains, are those who are destined for heaven –'achieve the holiness necessary to enter the joy of heaven.' (CCC 1030).

The Catechism goes on to say: "The Church gives the name Purgatory to this final purification of the elect, which is entirely different from the punishment of the damned. The Church formulated her doctrine of faith on Purgatory especially at the Councils of Florence and Trent. The tradition of the Church, by reference to certain texts of Scripture, speaks of a cleansing fire. (CCC 1032)

In his book on "Eschatology," Pope Emeritus Benedict XVI (then Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger) further clarifies the church's teaching in this area: "Purgatory is not, as Tertullian thought, some kind of supra-worldly concentration camp where one is forced to undergo punishments. Rather it is the inwardly necessary process of transformation in which a person because of the prayer of the faithful and God's Grace becomes capable of unity with Christ, and thus capable of unity with the whole communion of saints."

We would do better to concentrate on the fact of prayer. This is where the doctrine has its life. We pray for the dead, and we do this, because we belong to the Mystical Body of Christ and because this is what the Holy Spirit has taught us to do. It is a gift of God, to allow us to share in his work in bringing his people to perfection. It is a special gift of hope from God, but it is also a great responsibility on our part.

We need to pray for the dead, because this is a task entrusted to us as the Mystical Body of Christ. It is why cemeteries should be places to celebrate the power of God, places to live in God. The dead are blessed, and their life is a blessing for us, because they have no life but the life of God, and He is the God of the living.

In praying for the dead, we are not merely witnessing to the Resurrection, we are instruments of the Resurrection – a face to face encounter with the Easter Christ that is shot through with the welcome peace of His Love.

Deepavali - Dispelling Days of Darkness

Fr Anthony Charanghat

The time of Diwali is one of the most festive and beautiful times of the year, and most popularly celebrated in the Indian subcontinent. Diwali literally means a 'Row of Lights.' It is the darkest night of the darkest period, yet it is a celebration of light! Diwali is heralded as the triumph of good over evil, dispelling the days of darkness.

The most important theme of Deepavali is the celebration of light, the victory of righteousness over treachery, of truth over falsehood, and of light over darkness, a fresh start and worship of God (Puja) and prayer for prosperity according to the mind and will of God. We can find a parallel Christian theme for most of them in the Holy Bible as well.

It is the affirmation of the 'festival of lights' in the subcontinent by all of the Dharmic faiths, including Hinduism, Sikhism, Jainism and some branches of Buddhism. The light represents knowledge and wisdom, while darkness is a symbol of all negative forces, such as wickedness, destruction, violence, lust, envy, injustice, greed, oppression, exploitation and sin. Their prayer rituals take hours to perform, indicating ongoing relationship with the eternal. Goddess Lakshmi is believed to roam the land at night, and visits the cleanest house first, thus undergirding that cleanliness is next to godliness.

This religious festival is typically associated with legends concerning divine figures such as Rama or Krishna defeating the forces of darkness, or with the goddesses Lakshmi (Prosperity) and Saraswati (the goddess of Wisdom). However, within Jainism, Diwali celebrations tend to focus on the death and nirvana of Mahavira, whom Jains revere as the last Tirthankara (great spiritual teacher). It is on this day that Lord Mahavira (the last Jain Tirthankara) attained Nirvana. It is said that Mahavira attained Nirvana in the presence of several gods who enlightened him, and eliminated darkness from his life.

The customs and beliefs associated with Diwali vary greatly within the different branches of Hinduism. Buddhists celebrate Diwali to mark the conversion of Emperor Ashoka to Buddhism on this day. The festival is known as Ashoka Vijayadashami among the Buddhists, and they celebrate it by praying and decorating the monasteries. For followers of Sikhism, Diwali also commemorates the founding of the Golden Temple in Amritsar, as well as the release of the sixth Guru, Hargobind Singh, from prison. Although Diwali is at its heart a celebration of the victory of light over darkness, it also combines many traditions and practices from across the Dharmic faiths in India and around the world.

There are different legends associated with Diwali, which vary from region to region in India, but tend to share a common emphasis on celebrating the victory of light over darkness. In northern India, Diwali is believed to be the day when the god Rama returned to Ayodhya after defeating the demon king Ravana. In southern India, it is celebrated as the day when the god Krishna defeated the demon Narakasura.

Diwali was initially celebrated as the festival of harvest. It is the time when farmers in India reap their harvest, and by offering her portions from the fresh harvest to seek spiritual blessings for an equitable solution to the agrarian crisis they are facing due to flawed policies. Bhai Dooj festival has to be commended as a time to celebrate the relationship between brothers and sisters, and respect for the dignity and equality of women in this age of gender discrimination and rampant crimes again women. The feast is understood to be a beautiful celebration of light, focused on family and community.

As we celebrate the festival of Light, we should be reflecting Christ's expectation of us being the Light of the world! The Christian community should think of different ways of being Light of the world in these days of darkness.

Message for World Mission Day 2019

Pope Francis


Baptised and Sent: The Church of Christ on Mission in the World


Dear Brothers and Sisters,

For the month of October 2019, I have asked that the whole Church revive her missionary awareness and commitment as we commemorate the centenary of the Apostolic Letter Maximum Illud of Pope Benedict XV (November 30, 1919). Its farsighted and prophetic vision of the apostolate has made me realise once again the importance of renewing the Church's missionary commitment, and giving fresh evangelical impulse to her work of preaching and bringing to the world the salvation of Jesus Christ, who died and rose again.

The title of the present Message is the same as that of October's Missionary Month: "Baptised and Sent: The Church of Christ on Mission in the World". Celebrating this month will help us first to rediscover the missionary dimension of our faith in Jesus Christ - a faith graciously bestowed on us in Baptism. Our filial relationship with God is not something simply private, but always in relation to the Church. Through our communion with God, Father, Son and Holy Spirit, we, together with so many of our other brothers and sisters, are born to new life. This divine life is not a product for sale – we do not practise proselytism – but a treasure to be given, communicated and proclaimed: that is the meaning of mission. We received this gift freely and we share it freely (cf. Mt 10:8), without excluding anyone. God wills that all people be saved by coming to know the truth and experiencing His mercy through the ministry of the Church, the universal sacrament of salvation (cf. 1 Tim 2:4; Lumen Gentium, 48).

The Church is on mission in the world. Faith in Jesus Christ enables us to see all things in their proper perspective, as we view the world with God's own eyes and heart. Hope opens us up to the eternal horizons of the divine life that we share. Charity, of which we have a foretaste in the Sacraments and in fraternal love, impels us to go forth to the ends of the earth (cf. Mic 5:4; Mt 28:19; Acts 1:8; Rom 10:18). A Church that presses forward to the farthest frontiers requires a constant and ongoing missionary conversion. How many saints, how many men and women of faith, witness to the fact that this unlimited openness, this going forth in mercy, is indeed possible and realistic, for it is driven by love and its deepest meaning as gift, sacrifice and gratuitousness (cf. 2 Cor 5:14-21)! The man who preaches God must be a man of God (cf. Maximum Illud).

This missionary mandate touches us personally: I am a mission, always; you are a mission, always; every baptised man and woman is a mission. People in love never stand still: they are drawn out of themselves; they are attracted and attract others in turn; they give themselves to others and build relationships that are life-giving. As far as God's love is concerned, no one is useless or insignificant. Each of us is a mission to the world, for each of us is the fruit of God's love. Even if parents can betray their love by lies, hatred and infidelity, God never takes back His gift of life. From eternity, He has destined each of His children to share in His divine and eternal life (cf. Eph 1:3-6).

This life is bestowed on us in baptism, which grants us the gift of faith in Jesus Christ, the conqueror of sin and death. Baptism gives us rebirth in God's own image and likeness, and makes us members of the Body of Christ, which is the Church. In this sense, Baptism is truly necessary for salvation, for it ensures that we are always and everywhere sons and daughters in the house of the Father, and never orphans, strangers or slaves. What in the Christian is a sacramental reality – whose fulfilment is found in the Eucharist – remains the vocation and destiny of every man and woman in search of conversion and salvation. For Baptism fulfils the promise of the gift of God that makes everyone a son or daughter in the Son. We are children of our natural parents, but in Baptism, we receive the origin of all fatherhood and true motherhood: no one can have God for a Father who does not have the Church for a mother (cf. Saint Cyprian, De Cath. Eccl., 6).

Our mission, then, is rooted in the fatherhood of God and the motherhood of the Church. The mandate given by the Risen Jesus at Easter is inherent in Baptism: as the Father has sent me, so I send you, filled with the Holy Spirit, for the reconciliation of the world (cf. Jn 20:19-23; Mt 28:16-20). This mission is part of our identity as Christians; it makes us responsible for enabling all men and women to realise their vocation to be adoptive children of the Father, to recognise their personal dignity and to appreciate the intrinsic worth of every human life, from conception until natural death. Today's rampant secularism, when it becomes an aggressive cultural rejection of God's active fatherhood in our history, is an obstacle to authentic human fraternity, which finds expression in reciprocal respect for the life of each person. Without the God of Jesus Christ, every difference is reduced to a baneful threat, making impossible any real fraternal acceptance and fruitful unity within the human race.

The universality of the salvation offered by God in Jesus Christ led Pope Benedict XV to call for an end to all forms of nationalism and ethnocentrism, or the merging of the preaching of the Gospel with the economic and military interests of the colonial powers. In his Apostolic Letter Maximum Illud, the Pope noted that the Church's universal mission requires setting aside exclusivist ideas of membership in one's own country and ethnic group. The opening of the culture and the community to the salvific newness of Jesus Christ requires leaving behind every kind of undue ethnic and ecclesial introversion. Today too, the Church needs men and women who, by virtue of their baptism, respond generously to the call to leave behind home, family, country, language and local Church, and to be sent forth to the nations, to a world not yet transformed by the Sacraments of Jesus Christ and His holy Church. By proclaiming God's Word, bearing witness to the Gospel and celebrating the life of the Spirit, they summon to conversion, baptise and offer Christian salvation, with respect for the freedom of each person and in dialogue with the cultures and religions of the peoples to whom they are sent. The missio ad gentes, which is always necessary for the Church, thus contributes in a fundamental way to the process of ongoing conversion in all Christians. Faith in the Easter event of Jesus; the ecclesial mission received in Baptism; the geographic and cultural detachment from oneself and one's own home; the need for salvation from sin and liberation from personal and social evil—all these demand the mission that reaches to the very ends of the earth.

The providential coincidence of this centenary year with the celebration of the Special Synod on the Churches in the Amazon allows me to emphasise how the mission entrusted to us by Jesus with the gift of His Spirit is also timely and necessary for those lands and their peoples. A renewed Pentecost opens wide the doors of the Church, in order that no culture remain closed in on itself, and no people cut off from the universal communion of the faith. No one ought to remain closed in self-absorption, in the self-referentiality of his or her own ethnic and religious affiliation. The Easter event of Jesus breaks through the narrow limits of worlds, religions and cultures, calling them to grow in respect for the dignity of men and women, and towards a deeper conversion to the truth of the Risen Lord who gives authentic life to all.

Here I am reminded of the words of Pope Benedict XVI at the beginning of the meeting of Latin American Bishops at Aparecida, Brazil, in 2007. I would like to repeat these words and make them my own: "Yet what did the acceptance of the Christian faith mean for the nations of Latin America and the Caribbean? For them, it meant knowing and welcoming Christ, the unknown God whom their ancestors were seeking, without realising it, in their rich religious traditions. Christ is the Saviour for whom they were silently longing. It also meant that they received, in the waters of Baptism, the divine life that made them children of God by adoption; moreover, they received the Holy Spirit who came to make their cultures fruitful, purifying them and developing the numerous seeds that the incarnate Word had planted in them, thereby guiding them along the paths of the Gospel… The Word of God, in becoming flesh in Jesus Christ, also became history and culture. The utopia of going back to breathe life into the pre-Columbian religions, separating them from Christ and from the universal Church, would not be a step forward: indeed, it would be a step back. In reality, it would be a retreat towards a stage in history anchored in the past." (Address at the Inaugural Session, May 13, 2007: Insegnamenti III, 1 [2007], 855-856)

We entrust the Church's mission to Mary our Mother. In union with her Son, from the moment of the Incarnation, the Blessed Virgin set out on her pilgrim way. She was fully involved in the mission of Jesus, a mission that became her own at the foot of the Cross—the mission of cooperating, as Mother of the Church, in bringing new sons and daughters of God to birth in the Spirit and in faith.

I would like to conclude with a brief word about the Pontifical Mission Societies, already proposed in Maximum Illud as a missionary resource. The Pontifical Mission Societies serve the Church's universality as a global network of support for the Pope in his missionary commitment by prayer, the soul of mission, and charitable offerings from Christians throughout the world. Their donations assist the Pope in the evangelisation efforts of particular Churches (the Pontifical Society for the Propagation of the Faith), in the formation of local clergy (the Pontifical Society of Saint Peter the Apostle), in raising missionary awareness in children (Pontifical Society of Missionary Childhood) and in encouraging the missionary dimension of Christian faith (Pontifical Missionary Union). In renewing my support for these Societies, I trust that the Extraordinary Missionary Month of October 2019 will contribute to the renewal of their missionary service to my ministry.

To men and women missionaries, and to all those who, by virtue of their baptism, share in any way in the mission of the Church, I send my heartfelt blessing.

From the Vatican, June 9, 2019, Solemnity of Pentecost

To Restore All Things in Christ

Cardinal Oswald Gracias sounded a clarion call for the Church in Mumbai to recognise the context of the times we live in – politically, economically, sociologically, culturally and ideologically – so that it can effectively evangelise the Good News and the Story of Jesus to all God’s children. His Eminence made these remarks at the solemn Eucharistic celebration that took place at St Pius X College Seminary, Goregaon, on Saturday, October 5, on the occasion of the inauguration of the Diamond Jubilee Year Celebrations.

"Today is a day to reflect on the Priesthood, our apostolate and the challenges facing us," he said. "The Church exists to evangelise, but what does ‘evangelisation’ mean for us today in India, in Mumbai, in 2019? Have we been adequately responsive to the call of the Spirit? Is the Church in Mumbai sufficiently outward-looking? Or have we been self-referential, looking inwards within the walls of the Church? The world of today is different from the world of 1960, when the Seminary was built; globalisation, secularism, materialism, instant success and gratification are extolled virtues today. How do we understand, live and proclaim the Gospel in this context?"

Cardinal Gracias urged the faithful and clergy to revisit what is probably the best Church document on Evangelisation – ‘Evangelii Nuntiandi’ – Pope Saint Paul VI’s apostolic exhortation on Catholic Evangelisation. Paul VI broadened the concept of evangelisation by referring to Presence, Witness, Proclamation and Integral Human Development. Then came the ground-breaking insights of Vatican II that spoke about the seeds of the Spirit present also in other religions and the salvation of non-Christians. Today, evangelisation also means dialogue, inculturation, promoting human rights, promoting the rights of women, protecting children and making the face of Jesus present to suffering humanity.

The Eucharist was concelebrated by Archbishop Felix Machado - Diocese of Vasai, Archbishop Elias Gonsalves – Archdiocese of Nagpur, Bishop Lourdes Daniel – Diocese of Nashik, Bishop Edwin Colaco – Bishop Emeritus of Aurangabad, present and emeritus auxiliary bishops of the Archdiocese of Bombay, all of whom were moulded and formed within the hallowed halls of this institution. Bishop Thomas Dabre of Pune and Bishop Agnelo Gracias could not be present. The nostalgia and deep love for the Seminary was palpable in their memories and recollections of life in the seminary. His Eminence thanked and praised God for the gift of the founding fathers of the Seminary—Cardinal Valerian Gracias of happy memory, his collaborators, advisors, those who constructed the magnificent edifice, and those who continued this beautiful institution. He also thanked the Jesuits for taking charge and moulding the Seminary during its fledgling years, and also all the rectors and professors, past and present, laity and clergy, who have contributed towards the building of the ethos of St Pius X Seminary.

The Eucharist was followed by an engaging and masterful Panel discussion on "The Priesthood Today: Challenges and Opportunities". The panelists were Royston Braganza, CEO, Grameen Bank and named one of the top four CEOs in Asia, Rev. Fr Frazer Mascarenhas SJ, former Principal, St Xavier’s College, Rev Fr Victor Ferrao, Professor of Philosophy, Rachol Seminary, Goa and Teesta Setalvad, renowned Civil Rights activist, journalist and Secretary – Citizens for Justice and Peace (CJP). Responding to the Cardinal’s call to situate evangelisation in the context of the 21st century, all four panelists spoke on different challenges facing the Catholic Church, and its priests and laity today, because of headwinds in politics, economics, education and social upheaval. They challenged the audience to break forth from the ‘business as usual’ mentality, and engage with the larger society, going beyond the ‘Christian’ viewpoint.

In a dramatic gesture reminiscent of the inauguration of the Seminary 59 years ago, Cardinal Oswald Gracias pressed a button to unveil the special Diamond Jubilee logo, conceptualised and designed by the current seminarians of St Pius X College. Fr Aniceto Pereira, Rector of the Seminary, recalling the motto of the celebrations "Instaurare Omnia in Christo" (To restore all things in Christ), cherished the visionaries who gifted this beautiful institution to the Archdiocese, and expressed the need to renew and rediscover the essence of the priesthood, keeping the figure of the Eternal High Priest Jesus Christ at the centre of the Church, the priestly vocation, and strategies for evangelisation in our world today.

We offer this hallowed institution to the Lord on the occasion of its Diamond Jubilee, and pray that St Pius X College become one of the premier institutions of priestly and lay formation of the Church in India.

Fr Joshan Rodrigues is on The Examiner Editorial Board, with the additional duty of Managing Editor.