13 Christian symbols on Coins - Pascal Lopes

posted Feb 22, 2018, 8:40 AM by Neil D'Souza   [ updated Feb 22, 2018, 8:40 AM ]
The Byzantine Empire in Europe, also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire, was the continuation of the Roman Empire in the East during the Middle Ages of the 4th century AD. It followed Greek language and culture, characterised by Christianity as the religion. This empire kept spawning a rich tradition of art, literature and learning and serving as a military force. This empire continued with its ups and downs, with the invasion by the Turkish Muslims and final fall of the Roman Empire in the 15th century. This empire was formed by King Constantine who was the first King, and ended in the reign of Constantine the Eleventh.

When King Constantine went on an expedition and entered Rome which was fortified, he faced resistance and there was a battle at the Milvian Bridge on the Tiber River. As mentioned in the book Life of Constantine, written by Eusebius, the bishop of Caesarea, while Constantine's army was tired, demoralised and away from home, Constantine was set to lose the battle. On the eve of the battle over the Milvian Bridge, King Constantine says with his own eyes he saw a Cross in the sky above the legend: "In This Sign, you will conquer" (In Hoc Signo Vinces). With the news of this vision, a signal of grace from the Christian GOD, Constantine's troops rallied, went firmly into the battle the next day, and won. On the strength of that vision, and its fulfilment, the Emperor became Christian, so did his army and ultimately, so did the empire.

The First Council of Nicaea was a council of Christian bishops convened in the city of Nicaea, Turkey by the Roman Emperor Constantine I in AD 325. Constantine organised the Council along the lines of the Roman Senate. Most significantly, it resulted in the first uniform Christian doctrine.

Christians were earlier persecuted in Rome, but later, Constantine legalised Christianity. He re-organised the empire, made Constantinople (current day Istanbul) the new capital, with major Christian population and magnificent churches. It was one of the richest towns in the middle centuries.