08 ROBOETHICS: humans, machines and health - Dr. Pascoal Carvalho

posted Mar 19, 2019, 3:44 AM by Neil D'Souza   [ updated Mar 19, 2019, 3:44 AM ]
Artificial devices that simulate human capabilities are devoid of human quality." "A dramatic paradox is thus outlined: just when humanity possesses the scientific and technical capacities to achieve a justly distributed well-being, we observe instead an exacerbation of conflicts and an increase in inequality," said Pope Francis to us, members of the Vatican's Pontifical Academy for Life on February 25. The Pontifical Academy for Life is marking its 25th anniversary this year. The Plenary included a workshop on 'Roboethics: humans, machines and health'.

In his address, the Pope stressed how machines are useful, but should not be confused with human beings. He warns that "the risk of man being 'technologised', rather than technology humanised, is already real: so-called 'intelligent machines' are hastily attributed capacities that are properly human."

Italian Archbishop Vincenzo Paglia, the head of the Academy opened the Feb. 25-26 workshop on "Robo Ethics: Humans, Machines and Health," which attracted some of the most pioneering engineers, developers and scientists, Catholic and people of other faiths, to discuss the ever-growing field of Artificial Intelligence.

Among the speakers was Hiroshi Ishiguro, a Japanese innovator in the field of androids and interactive robotics. He is globally known for his hyper-realistic robots capable of sustaining 10 to 15-minute conversations with humans. Ishiguro is also famous for creating an AI copy of himself, "his twin," which he claims to have developed not only to avoid travel, but also to delve into the secrets and mysteries of the human mind.

According to Ishiguro, in this present age, 10 per cent of every activity is human intervention and the balance 90 per cent is technology. He then poses the question: "What will happen in the future, say 10,000 or 100,000 years hence?" According to Ishiguro, we will move from organic to majorly inorganic beings. Ishiguro mused about the possibility of eventually substituting the human brain altogether with a computer. "We would obtain immortality," he said.

Dr Aude Billard, who has a Ph.D. in Artificial Intelligence, had a very different approach. She aimed to make "robots that actually make our life better."